There are many drug laws on the books in Georgia and throughout the country aimed at stopping the use of addictive substances. In 1970, President Richard Nixon signed the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) into law, which brought all of the existing federal drug laws together.
The CSA breaks the many known controlled substances down into five drug schedules or categories based on several factors:
- Potential for abuse
- Addictive properties
- Whether or not the substance has a medical benefit
Schedule I drugs are the most dangerous, highly addictive substances with no known medical use, while Schedule V substances are less likely to be abused and have some recognized medicinal purposes.
Examples of these drug schedules include:
Schedule I: no accepted medical use, high potential for abuse
Schedule II: limited accepted medical use, high potential for abuse
Schedule III: some accepted medical use, moderate potential for abuse
- Anabolic steroids
- Tylenol with Codeine
Schedule IV: accepted medical use, lower potential for abuse
Schedule V: accepted medical use, lowest risk for potential abuse
- Cough syrups with less than 200 milligrams of codeine per 100 millimeters or grams
- Over the counter medications